Thai Parliament

The following table is a break down of Thailand’s legislative branch of government which serves the prime purpose of drafting, voting, passing, reviewing and approving legislature. In simple terms, the Parliament has a role umbrellaing the creation and maintence of the code of law, though is not responsible for enforcing the law or passing judgement on citizens, which is up to the executive and judiciary branches, respectively.

The Thai Parliament, known formally as the National Assembly of Thailand is loosely based on the British Westminster  Parliamentary system. Bicameral, it comprises two houses: the Upper House (Senate) and the Lower House (House of Representatives. In Thai, it is called the “Ratta Sapha” and is responsible for appointing the Leader of State, or Prime Minister. As a Constitutional Monarchy, the King still acts as Head of State, requiring any/all final ratifications on appointments and amendments.

National Assembly of Thailand i.e. Thai Parliament

“Ratta Sapha Thai”


Thai Senate

“Wuthi Sapha Thai”


House of Representatives

“Sapha Poo Taen Rasadorn”


Upper House

Lower House

Members 150 Senators

สว. ๑๕๐ คน

500 Members of Parliament (M.P.)

สส. ๕๐๐ คน

Directly Elected 76 = 75 provinces + Bangkok 375  = constituencies of 170,000 persons
Appointed 74 via selection committee 125 via party-list proportional representation
Term 6 years = restricted to one term 4 years = restricted to two terms
Last Election 2008 – March 2 2007 – December 23
Next Election 2014 2011 – July 3
Exclusive Powers
  • Creating and appointing investigative committees
  • Passing approval resolutions advising King appointments for Constitutional Court Judges, Election Commissioners, Ombudsmen, and various audit commissions
  • Advise selection of judiciary members
  • Selection of its officers
  • Expulsion of members
  • Determination of its own rules and procedures
  • Primary legislative chamber.
  • Creating and appointing committees to examine bills
  • Power to call Ministers to account
  • Removal of Prime Minister Removal of Ministers
  • Selection of its officers
  • Expulsion of members
  • Determination of its own rules and procedures
  • Vote for Prime Minister Appointment Recommendation
Shared Powers


Constitutional Amendments


Passing of annual Appropriation Bills

To view a similar table for the United State’s legislative branch of the Federal Government, the US Congress click here.

Leave a Reply

Leave a Reply